Teaching on a Reservation can be rewarding but also there are issues that the prospective teacher must be ready to deal with. Many of these are cultural issues and a lack of support from parents. Similar to what teachers face in inner city schools. Poverty on a Reservation for the non native visiting the Reservation for the first time can be a cultural shock. Distances are vast. As an example, it is a six hour drive from Phoenix to Window Rock on the Navajo Reservation. Also on many reservations there is a lack of housing. Many returning veterans who entered service from
the Reservation and desire to return have less of a problem because they either already have housing on the Reservation or can stay with family until housing becomes available. Also keep in mind for non-native troops to teacher candidates desiring to teach in Native Schools their is an Indian Preference clause.Having said all of this, many non Indians teach on the Reservation and many have made a career of teaching Indian children for twenty years are more.I have met teachers on the Navajo Reservation who would not think of teaching anywhere else. For the returning veteran who desires to teach on the Reservation it is an opportunity to give back to the Tribe, to share the wealth of knowledge he/she has gained in military service .
There are different types of schools on reservations: Public, Tribal, BIA and Mission. Depending on the type of
school you're interested in, the steps will be different. If you're interested in a public school then you'd go through the school district that oversees the school. For example, here in Nevada, the school on the Duck Valley Indian Reservation
is part of the Elko County School District. The school on the Walker River Paiute Reservation is part of the Mineral County School District. There is no Indian preference in public schools. If you're interested in a tribal school, you'd
apply through the tribe. I believe that the Navajo Nation has its own schools and you'd apply for those through the Navajo Nation. In these schools Indian preference probably does apply. If you're interested in a BIA school, you'd apply through the BIA. Pyramid Lake High School is a BIA school where you can apply for positions through the BIA or the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe. Indian preference applies to BIA schools If you're interested in a mission school, you'd contact the school directly to find out what their hiring procedures are. I'm aware of several mission schools located on reservations in South Dakota.
In regards to certification, if the school receives federal funding, teachers must be "highly qualified" per NCLB. Emergency certification procedures will vary depending on the type of school (public, tribal, BIA, mission, etc.), the state where the school is located and the school itself.